NOTES ON THIS SECTION
- The year each ship was launched is in parentheses.
- Only ships intended for service on primary routes and fitted with 12 passenger cabins or more are listed in the “Passenger Steamships” section.
- Some Ward Line freighters were fitted with limited staterooms, often just for male passengers. These are noted beside the ship’s name with “(P)” for general passenger accommodation and “(MP)” for male passengers only.
- The list of chartered vessels is mostly complete but does not include all ships chartered during wartimes or those ships assigned to the Ward Line by the War Shipping Administration (WSA).
- In some cases, the ships listed below were chartered to or managed by the Atlantic, Gulf and West Indies Steamship Lines (AGWI) or Agwilines Inc., parent company of the Ward Line, or Cia. Mexicana de Navegacion and Cia. Cubana de Navegacion (G. de Zaldo & Co., managers), subsidiaries of the Ward Line.
- Images of many of these ships can be found in the “Gallery of Ships” section in the index to the left.
Cienfuegos (1883) (Official Number 126131)
Launched for the Ward Line at the Roach shipyard in 1883; in service from 1883 to 1895. Grounded off Eleuthera, Bahamas in February 1895 while steaming in heavy swells and broke up in the surf. No lives were lost and some of her cargo was recovered. Her wreck is now a popular dive site.
City of Alexandria (1879) (Official Number 125670)
Launched for the Alexandre Line in 1879; acquired by the Ward Line in June 1888; in service from 1888 to 1893. Grounded and burned in November 1893 off Cojimar, Cuba while en route from Antilla to Havana following an explosion in her cargo of rum. Eleven crew and several stevedores were burned to death or drowned.
City of Washington (1877) (Official Number 125625)
Launched for the Alexandre Line in 1877; bought by the Ward Line in June 1888; in service from 1888 to 1908. Her boats rescued survivors of U.S.S. MAINE in Havana Harbor in 1898. After thirty-one years of service, she was retired and laid up in Brooklyn in 1908. E.F. Luckenbach bought her in 1911 and cut her down to a barge. She grounded and broke up off the Florida Keys in 1917. Her wreck is now a historical site.
Esperanza (1901) (Official Number 136870)
Launched for the Ward Line in February 1901; in service from 1901 to 1924. She struck the Tampico jetty in November 1924 and later capsized and partially sank. Her rusting wreck was scrapped on the spot later that year.
Havana (1898) (Official Number 96435)
Launched for the Ward Line in 1898; briefly used as transport; in service from 1898 to 1905. She was sold to the Panama Railroad Steamship Co. as PANAMA on behalf of the Isthmian Canal Commission in 1905. She sank as Alaska Line's ALEUTIAN (I) off Kodiak Island in 1929.
Havana (1906) (Official Number 203791)
Launched for the Ward Line in October 1906;in service from 1907 until requisitioned by the U.S. Army in 1917 and fitted out as USAHS COMFORT (AH-3). She was decommissioned in 1921 and laid up, then repurchased by AGWI in 1927 and refitted. She grounded on Mantilla Reef in 1935, and was repaired and returned to service as YUCATAN. She capsized at her New York pier in 1941 but was again repaired and returned to service as the freighter AGWILEON in 1942. She was requisitioned and renamed USAHS SHAMROCK in 1943. Decommissioned, she was sold for scrap in 1947. Scrapping was completed in 1963.
Merida (1906) (Official Number 202864)
Launched for the Ward Line in January 1906; in service from 1906 to 1911. She collided with the United Fruit Co.'s ADMIRAL FARRAGUT in fog off Cape Charles, Virginia in May 1911 and sank. No lives were lost. Salvage attempts on this ship's reported treasure continued from 1911 to the late 1980s. All attempts have failed, and the location of the treasure itself is questionable.
Mexico (1898) (Official Number 92936)
Launched for the Ward Line in 1898; in service from 1899 to 1905. She and her sister HAVANA (I) were sold in 1905 to the Panama Railroad S.S. Co. on behalf of U.S. Government's Isthmian Canal Commission as COLON. She was wrecked with loss of life as the Alaska Line's YUKON in 1946.
Mexico (1906) (Official Number 203116)
Launched for the Ward Line in 1906; in service from 1906 to 1929. She was sold to the Alaska Line in 1930 and refitted as ALEUTIAN (II). Again sold in 1955 to Caribbean Atlantic Lines as the tropical cruise liner TRADEWIND, she sailed only briefly before being scrapped in Belgium in 1956.
Mexico (1933) (Official Number 231976)
Launched for the Colombian Line as COLOMBIA in 1933; assigned to AGWI for the Cuba Mail Line in 1938 and renamed MEXICO. In cruise service from 1938 to 1941, she was requisitioned in 1941. Bought by Turkish Maritime Lines as ISTANBUL in 1947, she was scrapped in 1968.
Monterey (1901) (Official Number 93132)
Launched for the Ward Line in April 1901 as sister to ESPERANZA; in service from 1901 to 1930. She collided with the Italian freighter ISARCO off Sandy Hook in February 1930 and was laid up pending possible repair, but was sold for scrap to Boston Metal Works in May 1931.
Monterey (1933) (Official Number 232021)
Launched for the Colombian Line as HAITI in 1933; assigned to AGWI's Porto Rico Line as PUERTO RICO in 1938. Re-delivered to the Cuba Mail Line as MONTEREY, she was in cruise service from 1938 to 1941. MONTEREY was requisitioned in 1941. She later went on to sail as ADANA of the Turkish Maritime Lines in 1948, and was scrapped after a serious fire in 1968.
Morro Castle (1900) (Official Number 93055)
Laid down for Plant Line in 1899; launched for Ward Line as MORRO CASTLE in 1900; in service from 1900 to 1924. After a long career as the line's record-breaking speed queen, she was laid up in Brooklyn in 1924 pending sale. Bought by an Italian scrap yard a year later, she made her last voyage across the Atlantic under the Italian flag. Her scrapping was completed in 1926.
Morro Castle (1930) (Official Number 230609)
Launched for the Ward Line in 1930; in express service from 1930 to 1934. She burned under mysterious circumstances while steaming in a gale off the New Jersey coast in September 1934. 134 lives were lost. The wreck received much publicity, blackening the Ward Line's public image. Her loss prompted the company to adopt new colors and change their name to the Cuba Mail Line in 1935.
Newport (1880) (Official Number 130179)
Launched for the Ward Line in 1880; in service from 1880 to 1886. Sold to Pacific Mail Line in 1886, the NEWPORT spent many years with Pacific Mail and later sailed for several other small West Coast steamship lines. She was abandoned in San Francisco in 1933.
Niagara (1877) (Official Number 130098)
Laid down for the U.S. & Brazil Mail S.S. Co. (Empire Line) in 1876; launched for the Ward Line in 1877 as their first iron passenger liner; in service from 1877 to 1906. She was laid up in New York in 1906 and purchased by Brunswick S.S. Co. (Bee Line) in 1910. Refitted as BRUNSWICK, she was chartered back to Ward Line in 1910 and 1911. Later sold to United Fruit Co. as TRUXILLO, she was transferred to Southern S.S. Co. and scrapped in the 1930s.
Oriente (1930) (Official Number 230323)
Launched in 1930 for the Ward Line; in service from 1930 to 1941. Popular in cruise service, ORIENTE was a sister to the unfortunate MORRO CASTLE (II). She sailed with new hull and funnel colors in 1935 and 1939 and was requisitioned by War Department in June 1941. Renamed USAT THOMAS H. BARRY, she was refitted to carry military dependents in 1946. Mothballed in James River Fleet, she was scrapped in 1957.
Orizaba (1889) (Official Number 155177)
Launched for the Ward Line in November 1889; in service from 1890 to 1898; chartered to U.S. Army as transport for Spanish-American War, April-September 1898; in service from 1898 to 1906. ORIZABA was sold to Northwestern S.S. Co. in 1906. She later sailed for Alaska Line and, after surviving numerous strandings, was sold in 1940 and bombed in 1942 at Dutch Harbor in the Aleutians while serving as an accommodations ship. At the time she was bombed, she was serving at the ripe old age of 52 years old!
Orizaba (1917) (Official Number 121491)
Laid down as VENDADO; launched for the Ward Line in February 1917, she was requisitioned while still fitting out in April 1918. She served as U.S. Navy transport in 1918 and 1919, was turned over to the U.S. Army in 1919, and returned to the Ward Line in 1920. She was in service from 1920 to 1939 with a major refit in 1924. Chartered to the United States Lines in 1939, she was delivered to U.S. Navy in June 1941 and put in service as transport from 1941 to 1946. She was leased to Brazilian Government in 1946 and sold outright in 1953. Overhauled as DUQUE DE CAXIAS, she was finally laid up in 1959 after an engine room fire. She went to the scrappers in 1963.
Santiago (1879) (Official Number 115662)
Launched for the Ward Line in 1879; in service on secondary routes to Cuba from 1879 to 1898; chartered to the U.S. Army as a transport, 1898; in service 1898-1906. SANTIAGO was sold to Joy S.S. Co. in 1906.
Saratoga (1877) (Official Number Unknown)
Laid down with NIAGARA for the Empire Line in 1876; launched for the Ward Line in 1877 (when a premature launch order crushed 7 workers); in service from 1877 to 1878. The Russian Government bought the ship in 1878 for conversion to an auxiliary cruiser by the William Cramp & Sons Ship and Engine Building Company of Philadelphia. She was replaced by the larger SARATOGA (II), which was built in record time.
Saratoga (1879) (Official Number 115630)
Launched for the Ward Line in 1879; in service from 1879 to 1898; chartered to the U.S. Army as a transport, 1898; in service 1898 to 1905. Launched to replace the first SARATOGA, she served much longer and was laid up in 1905. Sold to Kennecott Copper Corporation (Northwestern S.S. Co.) in 1906, her career in northern waters was short-lived. She was wrecked in March 1908 off Busby Island, en route from Seattle to Alaska.
Saratoga (1907) (Official Number 204160)
Launched in March 1907 for the Ward Line; in service from 1907 to 1917. This SARATOGA was larger and luckier. She was refitted with a Verandah Cafe on her quarterdeck in 1916, but then requisitioned by the U.S. Army in July 1917 and sank in New York Harbor on her first trooping duty (after collision). Refitted as Naval hospital ship MERCY (AH-4), she served until put in the reserve fleet in 1920. She was scrapped in 1939.
Seguranca (1889) (Official Number 116344)
Launched in 1890 for the U.S. & Brazil S.S. Co. (Empire Line); seized for debts in April 1893 and laid up; bought by the Ward Line in December 1893; in service 1894 to 1898; chartered to U.S. Army in 1898; refitted and put back in service from 1898 to 1914. She was sold to the Winnett Operating Company in 1914 as transatlantic freighter, then sold to Seguranca S.S. Co. (Breitung & Co.) Chartered to Federal S.S. Co. in 1917, she was sold to Standard Commercial S.S. Co. in 1918 and damaged after grounding off Bermuda. Laid up, she briefly returned to service for J.G. Hitner in 1921 and was scrapped in 1923.
Seneca (1884) (Official Number 116029)
Launched for the Old Dominion Line in 1884; bought by the Ward Line in 1892; in service 1892 to 1915 with a brief stint as a U.S. Army transport in 1898. SENECA suffered a serious fire and sank in Havana Harbor in 1894, but was refitted and returned to service. She was sold in 1915 and cut down to a barge. Her hull sank after colliding with the Ward liner SIBONEY in 1928.
Siboney (1918) (Official Number 221491)
Laid down in 1917 as ORIENTE, she was launched in 1918 as SIBONEY and requisitioned while fitting out. After trooping duties for U.S. Navy, she returned to Ward Line in August 1919 and was placed in transatlantic service between 1919 and 1920. She grounded off Vigo, Spain in 1920 and was refitted despite major damage. In service from 1921 to 1940, with a major refit in 1924, she was chartered to American Export Lines in 1940 and bought by the U.S. Army for $750,000 in 1941. In service as USAT SIBONEY and later as USAHS CHARLES A. STAFFORD in 1944, she was put in the reserve fleet after the war and was scrapped in 1957.
Vigilancia (1890) (Official Number 161643)
Launched for U.S. & Brazil S.S. Co. in 1890; seized for debts at New York in 1893; sold to Ludlow & Co., then to the Ward Line in 1894; in service 1894 to 1898; chartered to the U.S. Army in 1898; in service from 1898 to 1909. VIGILANCIA grounded and was seriously damaged off Los Colorados in 1901, then was damaged by fire and sank at her pier in 1909. Refitted, she was later sold to Walker, Armstrong & Co. of Savannah in 1914, who sold her to R.L. Farnham and Gaston, Williams and Wigmore in 1916. Transferred to the Globe Line in 1917, she was torpedoed off the Scilly Isles in March 1917 with 15 crew lost.
Yucatan (1890) (Official Number 27639)
Launched for the Ward Line in 1890; in service 1890 to 1898; chartered to U.S. Army in 1898 and carried Teddy Roosevelt's Rough Riders to Cuba; refitted and in service 1898 to 1906. YUCATAN was sold to Northwestern S.S. Co. in 1906 for service between Seattle and Alaska. Popular in her new role, she was rebuilt several times and was scrapped in 1929.
Yucatan (1903) (ex-WACOUTA) (Official Number 215711)
Launched for North German Lloyd as PRINZ WALDEMAR, the small Euro-Pacific liner was seized by the U.S. Shipping Board in 1917 and delivered to Ward Line as WACOUTA in 1919. She was refitted and purchased by Ward Line in 1921 under the name YUCATAN, but proved too slow and small (67 one-class passengers). The Ward Line kept her in service from 1921 to 1924, but sold her for scrap in 1925 after the refitted ORIZABA and SIBONEY returned to service..
Yumuri (1889) (Official Number 27637)
Launched for the Ward Line in October 1889; in service 1890 to 1898. The YUMURI suffered a serious fire in June 1895, but was refitted. She was sold to the U.S. Navy for $367,000 in April 1898 and refitted as the auxiliary cruiser USS BADGER. Refitted again as the transport USS LAWTON for the U.S. Army in 1901, she was sold to the Pacific Mail S.S. Co. in 1907 as the ROSE CITY. The liner passed to various other West Coast companies from 1909 to 1929, and was cut down to a barge in 1930. She was presumably scrapped.
AGWIDALE (1919) (MP)
AGWILEON (1907) (ex-Havana)
AGWIMONTE (1943) (ex-Cape Alexander)
AGWIPRINCESS (1944) (ex-Cape Spear)
AGWISTAR (1919) (MP)
AGWISTAR (1943) (ex-Cape Chalmers)
ANTILLA (1903) (ex-Luristan) (P)
BAYAMO (1897) (ex-Turkistan)
BENITO JUAREZ (1890) (ex-Holguin)
CAMAGUEY (1903) (P)
CAPE ALEXANDER (1943) (P)
CAPE CHALMERS (1943) (P)
CAPE MOHINCAN (1942)
CAUTO (1916) (MP)
CINCH KNOT (1942)
COASTAL DELEGATE (1945)
CULIACAN (1891) (ex-Juno)
GUANTANAMO (1909) (ex-Registan)
HEBE (1890) (ex-Holguin) (P)
MANZANILLO (1902) (ex-Mauritanie)
MEXICO (1944) (ex-Agwiprincess) (P)
MONTEREY (1943) (ex-Cape Chalmers) (P)
ORIENTE (1944) (ex-Agwidale) (P)
ORIZABA (1943) (ex-Cape Alexander) (P)
PORFORIO DIAZ (1891) (ex-Juno)
SANTIAGO (1906) (ex-Tabaristan) (P)
SANTIAGO de CUBA (1878)
SANTIAGO de CUBA (1906)
SIBONEY (1944) (ex-Agwiking) (P)
YUCATAN (1942) (ex- Cape Mohican)
YUMURI (1902) (P)
TENDERS and TUGS
ATLANTICA (1894) (Tender)
AUXILIAR (1906) (Steam Lighter)
BAHAMIA (1917) (Progreso Steam Lighter)
COLONIA (1899) (Tender) (ex-Alberta)
COLONIA (1902) (Tender)
COMPORT (1906) (Steam Lighter)
COMMODORE (1905) (Tender)
CORINTA (1906) (Tug)
EDWIN BAILEY (1892) (Tug)
EDWIN BRANDOW (1904) (Tug)
EUREKA (1920) (Havana Tug)
FIDELITY (1873) (Havana Tender)
HERCULES (1905) (New York Tug)
M. MORAN (1890) (Progreso Tender)
MANTEO (1887) (Transfer Steamer to Campeche, Laguna, and Frontera)
MANZANILLO (1906) (Steam Lighter)
MESINA (1905) (Steam Lighter)
NASSAU (1854) (Nassau Tender)
NAUTILIUS (1903) (New York Tug)
NEPTUNO (1902) (Havana Tug)
BARGES and LIGHTERS
Afghanistan (1905) (Strick Line/American-Levant Line)
Chartered for freight service in October 1912.
Algonquin (1925) (Clyde Line)
Chartered for several voyages in 1935 to replace the sunken Clyde Line charter MOHAWK, which in turn had been chartered to replace the wrecked HAVANA of 1907.
Black Arrow (1904) (U.S. Shipping Board) (ex-RHAETIA)
Chartered in 1920 and 1921 for three voyages in transatlantic service to Spain and the Mediterranean.
Brazos (1907) (Mallory Line)
Chartered with Mallory liner DENVER in a special arrangement for Nassau Winter Season cruises in February 1911.
Brunswick (1877) (Brunswick S.S. Co./"Bee Line") (ex-NIAGARA)
Chartered back to Ward Line for several freight-only voyages in 1910 and 1911.
Carondelet (1872) (Mallory Line)
Chartered for freight and passenger service to Nassau in 1879.
City of Atlanta (1875) (Quintard Line/Alexandre Line)
Chartered for freight and passenger service on secondary routes from 1886 to 1887, then acquired under charter with purchase of Alexandre Line in 1888.
City of Columbia (1881) (Quintard Line/Alexandre Line)
Chartered for freight and passenger service on secondary routes from 1886 to 1887, then acquired under charter with purchase of Alexandre Line in 1888.
City of Palatka (1883) (Quintard Line)
Initiated brief passenger service as Florida inter-coastal vessel connecting Ward Line passengers from Nassau and Havana to Florida (via Jacksonville) in 1886 and 1887.
City of San Antonio (1872) (Mallory Line)
Chartered at various times between 1888 and 1902; later purchased for freight service in or around 1902.
Concho (1891) (Mallory Line)
Chartered for freight and passenger service in 1895 and again between 1898
Denver (1901) (Mallory Line)
Chartered with fleetmate BRAZOS for winter cruises to Nassau in February 1911.
Hadji (1872) (Quebec & Gulf Ports S.S. Co.)
Chartered for freight service in 1876 and 1877.
Henry R. Mallory (1916) (Mallory Line)
Chartered in 1920 for one transatlantic voyage to replace the SIBONEY, which had grounded off Vigo, Spain.
Iroquois (1927) (Clyde-Mallory Lines)
Chartered for winter cruises in 1937, then chartered again in 1941 to replace the requisitioned SIBONEY.
Jalisco (1916) (Mexican Navigation Co.)
Chartered for freight service to the Panama Canal and Pacific ports in 1917.
Kotonia (1906) (P.L. Fisker)
Chartered for extended freight service between 1912 and 1917.
Lampasas (1890) (Mallory Line)
Chartered for freight and passenger service in 1898.
Liberty (1863) (Baltimore & Havana S.S. Co.)
Briefly chartered for to initiate freight and passenger steamer service in 1866 and 1867.
M. Moran (1890) (Moran & Co.)
Chartered in 1891 for tug service in New York Harbor; later bough outright as transfer tender at Progreso.
Macedonia (1894) (A.C. deFreitas & Co.)
Chartered in 1899 for sugar shipments from Cuba; sank while under Ward Line management in June 1899.
Mohawk (1925) (Clyde Line)
Sank in collision with freighter TALISMAN on first chartered cruise in January 1935.
Montgomery (1858) (Black Star Line)
Chartered for freight service in 1876 and 1877; sank in collision while on charter in January 1877.
Montoso (1911) (AGWI/Porto Rico Line)
Chartered for freight service in 1914.
President Roosevelt (1921) (U.S. Shipping Board)
Chartered to compete with the Cunard Line and French Line in Havana cruise service in 1928 and 1929.
Prince Arthur (1898) (Eastern S.S. Co./Boston & Yarmouth S.S. Co.)
Chartered for special service between Jacksonville, Nassau, and Havana in 1917.
Robert E. Lee (1924) (Eastern S.S. Co.)
Chartered to replace the wrecked ESPERANZA in 1925, then chartered again for winter cruises in 1927.
San Jacinto (1859) (John Roach) (ex-BENJAMIN DEFORD)
Chartered for passenger service while awaiting the delivery of SARATOGA (I) and (II) in 1877 and 1878.
San Jacinto (1903) (Mallory Line)
Chartered for cruise service to Nassau in 1911, then chartered again in 1929 and 1930 to augment cruise service while awaiting MORRO CASTLE and ORIENTE.
San Juan (1900) (Porto Rico Line)
Chartered for several winter cruises in 1923.
San Marcos (1881) (Mallory Line)
Chartered for freight and passenger service between 1886 and 1888.
Shawnee (1927) (Clyde-Mallory Lines)
Chartered for cruise service in 1941 to replace ships requisitioned by the War Department.
State of Texas (1874) (Mallory Line)
Chartered for several freight voyages in 1886 and 1887.
Tjoino (1907) (Mexican Navigation Co.)
Chartered in 1907 for freight service to and from Caribbean ports.
Wacouta (1903) (U.S. Shipping Board) (ex-PRINZ WALDEMAR)
Assigned by U.S.S.B. for various cruises from 1919 to 1921, then bought outright and renamed YUCATAN in 1921.
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